"Ecologicalizing" Education

Just as North American environmental education guru, David Orr, explains that all education is environmental education, so too all education can be ecologicalized — can help teach and reinforce ecological understandings.

Children (and adults, too) need to learn the principles of ecology (how life works in community), and they need to see the connections between human beings and the rest of Nature. The urgent timeframe of global climate change means that any learning that doesn't contribute to these understandings could be considered part of the problem. Indeed, the environmental crisis can be attributed in part to the inability of human beings (mainly in our Western culture) to come up with sustainable ways of living together.

Here are some ways to "ecologicalize" your teaching:

  • Education programs sometimes include icebreakers, warm-up activities, initiative tasks, cooperative games, or physical adventure elements. Helping people work together better will always be a good thing, and creating a sense of community is essential for being eco-friendly. But how can we integrate environmental learning into these activities without drastically changing program elements and while still contributing to group dynamics and character building? It's not easy, but it's simple: We just need to stretch what we do to include mention of and learning about the rest of our natural "place" and community.

  • Ecologicalizing education means looking for principles of ecology and connections with the rest of Nature in as many of our learning activities as possible. For example, in the book Sharing Nature with Children by Joseph Cornell, ice breaker activities (which he calls "awakening enthusiasm") are all Nature-related, placed-based or otherwise focused on animals and plants. Give the generic warm-up activities a miss, and try some fun Nature-oriented activities like Cornell's "Pyramid of Life" or "Owls and Crows," or Rediscovery's Don't Bungle the Jungle, or Bear, Bug, Frog.

  • Follow up to any learning task that demands group work or cooperation can lead to discussion of the behaviour of fish in schools or birds in flocks. How did participants communicate to each other? Why? How do the strategies they came up with to meet their challenge compare with fish or birds dealing with a challenge such as a predator? (Visit the University of Alberta for a fascinating look at research in mathematical biology.)

  • A group activity that demands cooperation can lead to participants discussing the similarities between humans and other social animals. For example, you can help your students learn how wolf behaviour can act as a metaphor for effective group functioning, character development and leadership.

  • That so many roles need filling to keep a classroom working well exemplifies the connectedness of the living web — what happens to the "web" within the physical and emotional space of the classroom if one participant falls down on the job? And how does this compare with losing one species or degrading one aspect of an ecosystem? Let's talk about these things with students.

  • If your education programming already includes lots of hands-on Nature connecting, you can highlight and reinforce ecological understandings by pointing out or asking for evidence of Nature's gifts or ecosystem services in action. This could be an ambulatory activity (one you do while walking between classes or travelling to different venues), or an ongoing project throughout the year. (Here is a wonderfully rich primer on ecosystem services to get you started.)

  • Nature abides by rules. Games work well and reflect Nature if they combine rules with cooperation and some "friendly competition" (in the sense that every individual is doing his or her best). Beware of overstressing competition — the goal, it seems, of our culture. Ecology relies on mutualism (living things relying on each other), and life is all about synergistic symbiosis. In Nature, "the fittest" is the one who fits into its ecosystem best. This is a lesson our students desperately need to learn.


Do you have an example of ecologicalizing, or a story about a time you ecologicalized your teaching? Please send it in and I'll share it on this page.

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